Kraków is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the wisla River in the Lesser Poland region. Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland's most important economic hubs. The city has grown from a Stone Age settlement to Poland's second most important city. In 1978, Karol Wojtyła, archbishop of Kraków, was elevated to the papacy as Pope John Paul II – the first Slavic pope ever, and the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. Also that year, UNESCO approved the first ever sites for its new World Heritage List, including the entire Old Town in inscribing Cracow's Historic Centre.
Stará Ľubovňa is situated on the Poprad River 15 km south of the Polish border and 30 km east of the High Tatras. It is one of the oldest towns in the Spiš, an historic administrative county and today is the administrative capital of the district of Stará Ľubovňa in the Prešov Region. The heart of Stara Ľubovňa is the square of st. Nicholas with a rectangle ground plan. The most important building at the square except of the church is Suburban house, which are nowadays serving to the Information center and gallery. Personal attention deserves the Roman Catholic church of st. Nicholas. From a hill over the city the castle of Ľubovňa dominates the city. Next to the castle there is an open-air museum, with many houses and other buildings showing the folk architecture of the region.